Japanese Encephalitis is a form of encephalitis caused by a flavivirus that can be potentially life threatening. Most cases of JBEV are mile and asymptomatic and most people make a fully recovery. Japanese Encephalitis is transmitted by infected mosquito bites and so second to vaccination bit avoidance is recommended.
Japanese Bourne Encephalitis “JEV” is a viral infection that attacks the brain and the cerebral cortex, JEV is not passed from person to person, the virus is found most commonly in pigs and birds and transmitted by mosquito bites in rural areas. The disease, although thought uncured is now a very low risk threat travellers worldwide with there being only 68,000 cases reported each year is thought to be more common in the rural areas of South East Asia and the Far East.
A cure for Japanese B Encephalitis is still yet to be discovered although it’s thought that around just 1% of those that contract the virus experience the severe symptoms that typically set in around five to twelve days are; high temperatures in excess of 38 °C – 45 °C, seizures and convulsions, muscle cramps and stiffness particularly in the next, disorientation and confusion, some people lose the ability to speak, uncontrollable shaking, weakness and even paralysis.
One In Three People Who Contract Japanese B Encephalitis Who Go On To Have Serious Symptoms Die As A Result Of The Infection And Medical Treatment Should Be A Priority.
Japanese Bourne Encephalitis Across The World
Australia and New Zealand
Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Burma, Cambodia, China, Georgia, Guam Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, North Korea, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Macau, Malaysia Maldives, Mongolia, Nepal, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Vietnam and Yemen
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The best way to protect yourself against the virus is vaccination if you plan on traveling to areas that it’s still common. The vaccine is thought to be effective in nine out of ten people and like all vaccinations does not provide 100% protection.
The best steps that can be taken are:
Sleeping in rooms with mosquito netting on the windows and doors, if it is that you are camping out doors it is advised that you use saturate your sleeping back and area with insecticide.
Avoid exposing flesh, wear breathable long sleeve garments to avoid being bitten
More information about preventing mosquito bites
JEV is a viral disease that attacks the brain and the cerebral cortex and so an important part of treatment is to reduce intracranial pressure. The process of treatment depends on the severity of the infection, for the flu like symptoms antibiotics are administered. In the more serious cases where seizures are occurring breathing is difficult and swallowing is painful anticonvulsants, oxygen and IV lines can be used respectively to help sustain the body.
For more information regarding Japanese B Encephalitis, you can check the following websites for fact sheets, additional information and outbreaks.
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